Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering 2021 SURE and SROP Research Projects

CLASP Project #1: GPS Ionospheric Space Weather Remote Sensing
Faculty Mentor: Mark Moldwin, mmoldwin@umich.edu
Prerequisites: Some programming and data analysis experience.
Project Description:  Testing and analysis of GPS signals for space environment remote sensing using a new dual-frequency GPS receiver. Project involves hardware testing as well as data calibration and analysis for space weather and integration of the receiver into a stand-alone space weather monitoring system.
Research Mode: Remote

CLaSP Project #2: Dynamic Simulation of the Great Red Spot
Faculty Mentor: Cheng Li, chengcli@umich.edu
Prerequisites: Fluid Mechanics, C++, python
Project Description: The on-going Juno mission has revealed the deep secrets of Jupiter’s atmosphere, including its belt/zone structure, the Great Red Spot (GRS), and the polygonal polar cyclones. In this project, we are going to simulate the dynamics of Jupiter’s GRS in 3D. We will use a fluid dynamic model to investigate the potential thermal structure of the GRS. Our dynamic simulation will be validated against the recent Juno observations.
Research Mode: In Lab/Online/Remote/Hybrid

CLaSP Project #3: Microwave Remote Sensing
Faculty Mentor: Cheng Li, chengcli@umich.edu
Prerequisites: python, mathematical optimization
Project Description: Microwave is an important channel for radio communication. It is also a frequently used technique to detect the atmosphere of a planet and its surface condition. However, radio beams are wide. The received radiance may be ambiguous to temperature and the amount of absorbing molecules. Here, we would like to develop a general theory of microwave remote sensing on the temperature structure of a planet utilizing the constraints from dynamic stability. The new method shall be applicable to the remoting sensing of Earth as well.
Research Mode: In Lab/Online/Remote/Hybrid

CLaSP Project #4: Rock Clouds on Brown Dwarfs
Faculty Mentor: Cheng Li, chengcli@umich.edu
Prerequisites: python
Project Description: A brown dwarf is a stellar object that sits between a main-sequence star and a giant planet. It has nuclear fusion but only for Helium. Its surface temperature is only a couple of hundred K, not much different from the Earth’s but it has a very warm interior that vaporizes clouds. Here, we would like to investigate the dynamics of rock clouds on brown dwarfs. How do they form? What’s the thermal structure? What signals do we expect to observe? These questions will be investigated using both pencil-and-paper calculations and numerical models.
Research Mode: In Lab/Online/Remote/Hybrid